Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of surgical intervention for secondary glaucoma after pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil injection for repair of complex retinal detachment. Design: Retrospective noncomparative interventional case series. Participants: Forty-three eyes of 43 patients who underwent incisional surgery for secondary glaucoma after pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil injection for repair of complex retinal detachment over a 9-year period. Main Outcome Measures: Intraocular pressure (IOP), intraoperative and postoperative complications, visual acuity, and the need for further surgical intervention for glaucoma. Success was defined as IOP ≤21 mmHg and ≥5 mmHg with or without medication but without surgical reoperation for glaucoma. Results: Findings associated with elevated IOP included emulsified oil in the anterior chamber (n = 14), pupillary block from silicone oil (n = 13), open-angle glaucoma without silicone oil in the anterior chamber (n = 9), and angle-closure glaucoma without pupillary block (n = 7). The mean (± standard deviation) IOP was 41.4 ± 15.1 mmHg before surgery for glaucoma and 17.2 ± 10.2 mmHg after an average follow-up of 19.6 months (P < 0.001). Cumulative success was 69%, 60%, 56%, and 48% at 6, 12, 24, and 36-months respectively. In patients who underwent silicone oil removal alone for surgical management of glaucoma (n = 32), 11 of 12 IOP failures (92%) were due to uncontrolled IOP, whereas most IOP failures in the group who underwent silicone oil removal plus glaucoma surgery (n = 8) failed because of hypotony (3 of 4, 75%, P = 0.027). Of three patients who underwent glaucoma surgery alone to control IOP, one failed because of hypotony. There was no significant change in visual function at last follow-up (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR] 2.01) compared with preoperative visual function (logMAR 2.07, P = 0.74). Conclusion: Surgical management of secondary glaucoma after silicone oil injection for complex retinal detachment may achieve good IOP control and stabilization of visual function in most patients. Patients who undergo silicone oil removal alone to control IOP are more likely to have persistent elevation of IOP and possibly undergo reoperation for glaucoma, whereas patients who undergo concurrent silicone oil removal and glaucoma surgery are more likely to have hypotony.
ASJC Scopus subject areas