Surgical management of bronchopulmonary malformations

Amy E. Wagenaar, Jun Tashiro, Alicia Hirzel, Luis I. Rodriguez, Eduardo A. Perez, Anthony R. Hogan, Holly L. Neville, Juan E. Sola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background Bronchopulmonary malformations (BPM) are rare conditions, which typically arise below the carina and can result in significant morbidity (infection and/or hemorrhage) and mortality (respiratory failure). Materials and methods All children with BPM surgically treated from 2001-2014 at a tertiary care children's hospital were identified. Patient demographics, surgical indications, procedure type, estimated blood loss, pathology, perioperative complications, length of stay, and outcomes were analyzed. Results A total of 41 BPM patients underwent surgery with 98% overall survival (one abdominal BPM expired) but 100% for thoracic lesions. Resections were performed thoracoscopically (37%), thoracoscopy converted to open (22%), and via thoracotomy (37%). Poor visualization (67%) or inability to tolerate single lung ventilation (33%) led to conversions. No conversions resulted from hemorrhage or received blood transfusions. Patients with prenatally diagnosed BPM were more likely to undergo thoracoscopic surgery (odds ratio [OR], 18.2) versus nonprenatally diagnosed, P = 0.002. Open/converted patients had longer chest tube days (6.2) versus thoracoscopic (2.9), P = 0.048. Additionally, respiratory distress was a more common indication in patients aged <4 mo (OR, 28.0) versus ≥4 mo and <6 kg (OR, 40.5) versus ≥6 kg, P < 0.001. Open resections were more common in patients aged <4 mo (OR, 26.3) versus ≥4 mo, P = 0.002. Operative time was shorter and estimated blood loss (mL/kg) was greater for <6 versus ≥6 kg, P < 0.05. Conclusions BPM resections have high overall survival. Chest tube days are shorter among thoracoscopic patients, but conversion to thoracotomy can avoid hemorrhage and need for transfusion. Size and respiratory distress limit use of thoracoscopy in young infants with BPM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-412
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • Bronchopulmonary sequestration
  • Congenital
  • Cystic adenomatoid malformation of lung
  • Outcomes research
  • Respiratory system abnormalities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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