Surgical correction of exophthalmos secondary to graves’ disease

Seth R. Thaller, Henry K. Kawamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Graves' disease has been recorded in the medical literature for more than 150 years. Despite introduction of iodine into the diet, Graves' disease still remains the most important disorder of the thyroid gland. Clinically, Graves' disease is a multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the clinical triad of infiltrative pretibial dermopathy, thyroid glandular hyperplasia, and ophthalmopathy. Expansion of the bony orbital volume is an effective method of treating to severe exophthalmos. Our experience with a simplified version of a three-wall orbital decompression is correct exophthalmos secondary to Graves' disease is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-418
Number of pages8
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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