Surgery for CNS tumors in the Brazilian national health care system

Luciola Pontes, Maryam Nemati Shafaee, Benjamin Haaland, Gilberto Lopes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Resource limitations in low- and middle-income countries make the management of CNS tumors challenging, particularly in Brazil, a country with major disparities in socioeconomic status and access to health care. We aimed to evaluate cancer-related neurosurgical procedures in the public health care system. Methods On the basis of Brazil’s public health system database, we collected data for neurosurgical procedures related to CNS tumors performed between January 2008 and November 2013. Information about the number of procedures, costs, length of stay, and number of inpatient deaths were analyzed for each state and then correlated to the state-specific population, gross domestic product per capita, and number of procedures. Results In all, 57,361 procedures were performed, the majority of them in the Southeast region. The mean length of hospital stay was 14.4 days, but longer hospital stay was reported for patients treated in the North. The inpatient mortality rate was 7.11%. Mortality rates decreased as the number of procedures (P < .001), gross domestic product per capita (P < .001), or state population increased (P < .001). On multivariate analysis, only the number of procedures (odds ratio, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.91 to 0.96; P < .001) and state population (odds ratio, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.13 to 1.38; P < .001) had an independent association with mortality. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate disparities in CNS tumor surgery in a middle-income country, confirming that regional disparities exist and that clinical and economic outcomes correlate with income level number of procedures and state population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Global Oncology
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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