Surgery for cardiac valves and aortic root without cardioplegic arrest ("beating heart"): Experience with a new method of myocardial perfusion

Tomas A. Salerno, Anthony Panos, Ganghong Tian, Roxanne Deslauriers, Domenico Calcaterra, Marco Ricci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Simultaneous antegrade/retrograde warm blood perfusion with a beating heart has not been previously reported as a mean of protecting hypertrophied hearts in cardiac valve and aortic root surgeries. Similarly, beating heart mitral valve surgery via the trans-septal approach with the aorta unclamped, is a novel technique. We, herein, report a series of 346 patients with a variety of cardiac pathologies who were operated upon utilizing a new modality of myocardial perfusion. Among this group of patients, there were 55 patients who were diagnosed with endocarditis of one or more valves. These patients were excluded from this series of patients. Mean age was 59 ± 12, and there were 196 (67.3%) males and 95 (32.7%) females. There were six aortic root procedures, 90 mitral valve replacements (MVR), 46 mitral valve repairs, 20 MVR+ coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), 28 tricuspid valve repairs, 106 aortic valve replacements (AVR), 17 AVR+CABG, and 8 AVR/MVR. Crude mortality for the group was 20 of 291 (6.8%). Intra-aortic balloon pump utilization at time of weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass was 6/291 (2.06%), and re-operation for bleeding was needed in 12 of 291 (4.1%) patients. Postoperative stroke occurred in 4 of 291 (1.3%) patients. In these patients, the clinical diagnosis of stroke was made prior to surgery. This initial experience with this new method of myocardial perfusion indicates that results are at least comparable, if not superior, to conventional techniques utilizing intermittent cold blood cardioplegia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-464
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of cardiac surgery
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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