Purpose: The purposes of this study are to identify clinical features in eyes with suprachoroidal hemorrhage which portend a poor visual prognosis and to determine visual outcome in these eyes after secondary surgical management of suprachoroidal hemorrhage. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 106 patients with suprachoroidal hemorrhages occurring in association with trauma (35), cataract surgery (30), glaucoma surgery (17), penetrating keratoplasty (6), corneal perforation (5), secondary lens implantation (3), pars plana vitrectomy (3), and other causes (7). Results: Five (10%) of 49 eyes with a suprachoroidal hemorrhage and an initial retinal detachment had a visual outcome of 20/200 or better compared with 21 (43%) of 49 eyes without a retinal detachment. The presence or absence of a retinal detachment could not be determined in eight patients and all eight of these patients had a poor visual outcome. Sixteen (20%) of 82 eyes with a 360° suprachoroidal hemorrhage had a visual outcome of 20/200 or better compared with 10 (47%) of 21 for those with suprachoroidal hemorrhage limited to one or two quadrants. The extent of the hemorrhage could not be determined in three eyes. Overall, 34% (14/41) of the patients with suprachoroidal hemorrhage who had a secondary surgical procedure achieved a visual outcome of 20/200 or better. Forty-three percent (6/14) who had a suprachoroidal hemorrhage during or after cataract surgery and who were treated with secondary surgical management achieved a visual outcome of 20/200 or greater. Conclusion: Clinical features associated with a poorer visual outcome included initial or indeterminate retinal detachment and 360° suprachoroidal hemorrhage. Limited suprachoroidal hemorrhage without initial retinal detachment usually has a good visual prognosis and does not usually require secondary surgical intervention. However, if the former complication is present, secondary surgical intervention should be considered.
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