Supersonic bi-directional flying wing configuration with low sonic boom and high aerodynamic efficiency

Clemence Berger, Kevin Carmona, Daniel Espinal, Hong Sik Im, Ge Cheng Zha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, a parametric study is conducted to optimize a business jet using supersonic bi-directional (SBiDir) flying wing (FW)aiming at achieving high aerodynamic efficiency and low sonic boom. The SBiDir-FW concept has a symmetric planform about both longitudinal and span axes, allowing the plane to achieve high efficiency at both supersonic and subsonic by rotating by 90° in flight. With this parametric study, the L/Dp achieves 15 at M=1.6, 16 at M=2.0, whereas the sonic boom remains smooth without N-wave. The smooth peak over pressure value is 0.3 psf at M=1.6, 0.4 psf at M=2.0. It indicates that the conventional N-wave could be replaced by a strong acoustic wave, which generates a much less impulsive force and hence noise. The supersonic aspect ratio of the present configuration is 0.33 and the subsonic aspect ratio is 33, which ensures high performance at both supersonic and subsonic. The study shows that the sharp and long nose configuration with ultra-slender body is favorable to both high aerodynamic efficiency and low sonic boom. The numerical results demonstrate that the SbiDir-FW could be a very promising concept for supersonic flight. Further improvement can still be made by using systematic automated design optimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication29th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2011
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781624101458
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Event29th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2011 - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: Jun 27 2011Jun 30 2011

Publication series

Name29th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2011

Other

Other29th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2011
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI
Period6/27/116/30/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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    Berger, C., Carmona, K., Espinal, D., Im, H. S., & Zha, G. C. (2011). Supersonic bi-directional flying wing configuration with low sonic boom and high aerodynamic efficiency. In 29th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2011 (29th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2011). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2011-3663