Superficial fibromatosis: MRI radiomics and T2 mapping correlate with treatment response

Amrutha Ramachandran, Terry Fox, Aaron Wolfson, James Banks, Ty K. Subhawong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Superficial fibromatosis exhibits variable MR signal intensity due to collagenous and fibroproliferative components. Quantifying this signal heterogeneity using image texture analysis and T2-mapping could have prognostic and therapeutic implications. Methods: This IRB-approved retrospective study included 13 patients with superficial fibromatosis, managed by observation, electron beam radiotherapy (EBT), or pentoxifylline/vitamin E. Two-dimensional regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn on proton-density or T2-weighted MRI for radiomics feature analysis, and corresponding T2-maps. Comparisons were made between baseline and follow-up T2 relaxation times and radiomics features: Shannon's entropy, kurtosis, skewness, mean of positive pixels (MPP), and uniformity of distribution of positive gray-level pixel values (UPP). Results: There were 19 nodules in 13 subjects. Mean patient age was 60 years; 62% (8/13) were female; mean follow-up was 9.7 months. Nodule diameter at baseline averaged 18.2 mm (std dev 16.2 mm) and decreased almost 10% to 16.6 mm (p = 0.1, paired t-test). Normalized T2 signal intensity decreased 23% from 0.71 to 0.55 (p = 0.03, paired t-test). T2 relaxation time decreased 16% from 46.5 to 39.1 ms (p < 0.001, paired t-test). Among radiomics features, skewness increased to 0.71 from 0.41 (p = 0.03, paired t-test), and entropy decreased from 8.37 to 8.03 (p = 0.05, paired t-test); differences in other radiomics features were not significant. Conclusions: Radiomics analysis and T2-mapping of superficial fibromatosis is feasible; robust decreases in absolute T2 relaxation time, and changes in image textural features (increased skewness and decreased entropy) offer novel imaging biomarkers of nodule collagenization and maturation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume81
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Dupuytren
  • Electron beam radiotherapy
  • Ledderhose
  • MRI radiomics
  • Superficial fibromatosis
  • T2 mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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