The action of the new analog of somatostatin, D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Lys-Val-Cys-Trp-NH2 (RC-160), on plasma glucagon and glucose levels was evaluated in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. The effect of this analog on the insulin-induced hypoglycemia in diabetic rats was also investigated in order to evaluate the risk of exacerbating hypoglycemia. Administration of analog RC-160, in a dose of 25 μg/kg b.wt. SC, inhibited plasma glucagon secretion and decreased plasma glucose levels. This effect also occurred when plasma glucagon and glucose levels were first elevated by arginine infusion, 1000 mg/kg/hr for 30 min. Subcutaneous injection of regular insulin, 15 U/kg b.wt., produced hypoglycemia with a progressive increase in glucagon levels. Analog RC-160 completely suppressed the hypoglycemia-induced glucagon release for up to 150 min after injection of the analog or insulin. A greater decrease in the plasma glucose level was observed in the group treated with insulin and the analog than in the group injected only with insulin. These results indicate that somatostatin analog RC-160 can produce a marked and prolonged inhibition of glucagon release and a decrease in the plasma glucose level in diabetic rats. This analog may be useful as an adjunct to insulin in the treatment of diabetic patients, although caution should be exercised, to prevent hypoglycemia when using somatostatin analogs together with insulin.
- Blood glucose
- Diabetes mellitus
- Somatostatin analog
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience