125I eye plaque dose distribution including penumbra characteristics

Alberto De La Zerda, Sou Tung Chiu-Tsao, Jun Lin, Leslie L. Boulay, Ilham Kanna, Jae Ho Kim, Hung Sheng Tsao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The two main purposes of this work are (1) to determine the penumbra characteristics for 125I eye plaque and the relative influence of the plaque and eye-air interface on the dose distribution, and (2) to initiate development of a treatment planning algorithm for clinical dose calculations. Dose was measured in a newly designed solid water eye phantom for an 125I (6711) seed at the center of a 20 mm COMS eye plaque using thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) "cubes" and "minichips" inside and outside the eye, in the longitudinal and transverse central planes. TLD cubes were used in most locations, except for short distances from the seed and in the penumbra region. In the presence of both the plaque and the eye-air interface, the dose along the central axis was found to be reduced by 10% at 1 cm and up to 20% at 2.5 cm, relative to the bulk homogeneous phantom case. In addition, the overall dose reduction was greater for larger off-axis coordinates at a given depth. The penumbra characteristics due to the lip collimation were quantified, particularly the dependence of penumbra center and width on depth. Only small differences were observed between the profiles in the transverse and longitudinal planes. In the bulk geometry (without the eye-air interface), the dose reduction due to the presence of the plaque alone was found to be 7% at a depth of 2.5 cm. The additional reduction of 13% observed, with the presence of eye-air interface (20% combined), can be attributed to the lack of backscattering from the air in front of the eye. The dose-reduction effect due to the anterior air interface alone became unnoticeable at a depth of 1.1 cm (1.5 cm from the eye-air interface). An analytic fit to measured data was developed for clinical dose calculations for a centrally loaded seed. The central axis values of the dose rates multiplied by distance squared, Dr2, were fitted with a double exponential function of depth. The off-axis profile of Dr2, at a given depth, was parametrized by a modified Fermi-Dirac function to model both the penumbra characteristics due the plaque lip collimation and the effect of oblique filtration by silastic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-418
Number of pages12
JournalMedical physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1996


  • I eye plaque
  • Lip collimation
  • Penumbra characteristics
  • Thermoluminescent dosimetry
  • Treatment planning algorithm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics


Dive into the research topics of '<sup>125</sup>I eye plaque dose distribution including penumbra characteristics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this