Suicidality in Bipolar Disorder: The Role of Emotion-Triggered Impulsivity

Sheri L. Johnson, Charles S Carver, Jordan A. Tharp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A growing body of research suggests that impulsive responses to emotion more robustly predict suicidality than do other forms of impulsivity. This issue has not yet been examined within bipolar disorder, however. Participants diagnosed with bipolar I disorder (n = 133) and control participants (n = 110) diagnosed with no mood or psychotic disorder completed self-report measures of emotion-triggered impulsivity (Negative and Positive Urgency Scales) and interviews concerning lifetime suicidality. Analyses examined the effects of emotion-triggered impulsivity alone and in combination with gender, age of onset, depression severity, comorbid anxiety, comorbid substance use, and medication. A history of suicide ideation and attempts, as well as self-harm, were significantly more common in the bipolar disorder group compared with the control group. Impulsive responses to positive emotions related to suicide ideation, attempts, and self-harm within the bipolar group. Findings extend research on the importance of emotion-triggered impulsivity to a broad range of key outcomes within bipolar disorder. The discussion focuses on limitations and potential clinical implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Impulsive Behavior
Bipolar Disorder
Emotions
Suicide
Psychotic Affective Disorders
Age of Onset
Research
Self Report
Anxiety
Interviews
Depression
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Suicidality in Bipolar Disorder : The Role of Emotion-Triggered Impulsivity. / Johnson, Sheri L.; Carver, Charles S; Tharp, Jordan A.

In: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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