Sudden death and acute myocardial infarction in a metropolitan area, 1970-1980. The Minnesota Heart Survey

R. F. Gillum, A. Folsom, R. V. Luepker, D. R. Jacobs, T. E. Kottke, Orlando W Gomez-Marin, R. J. Prineas, H. L. Taylor, H. Blackburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine the causes of the nationwide decline in deaths due to coronary heart disease, the Minnesota Heart Survey enumerated coronary deaths among persons 30 to 74 years old in Minneapolis-St. Paul. The survey also ascertained rates of hospitalization and case fatality during hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction. For deaths occurring between 1970 and 1978 that were due to coronary heart disease, the rates outside the hospital declined by 43 per cent in men and 40 per cent in women, and the rates in hospital emergency rooms increased by 311 per cent in men and 200 per cent in women. In both these years about two thirds of all such deaths occurred outside hospital wards. Between 1970 and 1980, hospitalization rates for acute infarction in persons 30 to 74 years old declined 8 per cent among men and 26 per cent among women, and case fatality in the hospital in persons 45 to 74 years old declined 29 per cent in men and 27 per cent in women. These changes are probably due to the combined influence of changes in risk factors in the population and improved care of patients with acute myocardial infarction before and during hospitalization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1353-1358
Number of pages6
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume309
Issue number22
StatePublished - Dec 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

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Sudden Death
Hospitalization
Myocardial Infarction
Coronary Disease
Infarction
Hospital Emergency Service
Patient Care
Heart Rate
Mortality
Surveys and Questionnaires
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Gillum, R. F., Folsom, A., Luepker, R. V., Jacobs, D. R., Kottke, T. E., Gomez-Marin, O. W., ... Blackburn, H. (1983). Sudden death and acute myocardial infarction in a metropolitan area, 1970-1980. The Minnesota Heart Survey. New England Journal of Medicine, 309(22), 1353-1358.

Sudden death and acute myocardial infarction in a metropolitan area, 1970-1980. The Minnesota Heart Survey. / Gillum, R. F.; Folsom, A.; Luepker, R. V.; Jacobs, D. R.; Kottke, T. E.; Gomez-Marin, Orlando W; Prineas, R. J.; Taylor, H. L.; Blackburn, H.

In: New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 309, No. 22, 01.12.1983, p. 1353-1358.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gillum, RF, Folsom, A, Luepker, RV, Jacobs, DR, Kottke, TE, Gomez-Marin, OW, Prineas, RJ, Taylor, HL & Blackburn, H 1983, 'Sudden death and acute myocardial infarction in a metropolitan area, 1970-1980. The Minnesota Heart Survey', New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 309, no. 22, pp. 1353-1358.
Gillum RF, Folsom A, Luepker RV, Jacobs DR, Kottke TE, Gomez-Marin OW et al. Sudden death and acute myocardial infarction in a metropolitan area, 1970-1980. The Minnesota Heart Survey. New England Journal of Medicine. 1983 Dec 1;309(22):1353-1358.
Gillum, R. F. ; Folsom, A. ; Luepker, R. V. ; Jacobs, D. R. ; Kottke, T. E. ; Gomez-Marin, Orlando W ; Prineas, R. J. ; Taylor, H. L. ; Blackburn, H. / Sudden death and acute myocardial infarction in a metropolitan area, 1970-1980. The Minnesota Heart Survey. In: New England Journal of Medicine. 1983 ; Vol. 309, No. 22. pp. 1353-1358.
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