Sucrose‐derived exopolysaccharides of Streptococcus mutans V403 contribute to infectivity in endocarditis

Cindy L. Munro, Francis L. Macrina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


We used an isogenic mutant of Streptococcus mutans V403, which differs from the wild‐type V403 in genes involved in glucan and fructan production, to examine the importance of these exopolysaccharides as factors affecting infectivity in endocarditis. Rats inoculated with V403 developed endocarditis more frequently than animals inoculated with the mutant strain which produced neither glucan nor fructan (58% versus 12%, P<0.01). In phagocytosis assays, both strains were found to be associated with the human granulocytes but a greater number of live V403 than of mutant organisms could be recovered. Colony counts recovered from fibrin plates incubated with the mutant were lower than those incubated with V403. These experiments indicate that exopolysaccharides produced by Streptococcus mutans contribute to its infectivity in endocarditis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-142
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology


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