Successful long-term survival of pancreatic islet allografts in spontaneous or pancreatectomy-induced diabetes in dogs. Cyclosporine-induced immune unresponsiveness

R. Alejandro, R. Cutfield, F. L. Shienvold, Z. Latif, D. H. Mintz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nineteen pancreatectomized beagles and three spontaneously diabetic dogs were recipients of canine islet allografts from one or more unrelated donors. The islets, enriched 30-45-fold for endocrine cells and contained in a packed cell volume of <1.5 ml, were engrafted in the livers of recipient animals. Treatment of diabetic recipients with cyclosporine (CsA) was begun 3-5 days before islet transplantation and the initial dosage was adjusted to attain and maintain CsA serum through levels between 400 and 600 ng/ml. Five dogs with CsA levels less than this (155 ± 35 SEM ng/ml) at the time of transplantation promptly rejected their grafts, whereas rejection was encountered in only 1 of 17 diabetic animals in which the initial level exceeded 400 ng/ml. CsA was discontinued 30, 60, or 90 days after continuous therapy in 10 animals. Graft failure was observed 2 mo after stopping CsA in 1 animal and 5 mo in the other. Eight other islet allograft recipients have sustained fasting euglycemia for 7 and 8 mo in 2 and for at least 2 mo in the remainder. These results demonstrate that short-term CsA therapy prolongs survival of islet allografts and induces a state of immune unresponsiveness to islet alloantigens in dogs with experimental and spontaneous diabetes. The findings are unique for a nonrodent mammal and thus hold promise that similar results may be achieved for islet allografts of other mammalian species, including humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-828
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetes
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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