Substantial expression of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) receptor type I in human uveal melanoma

Andrea Treszl, Zita Steiber, Andrew V. Schally, Norman L. Block, Balazs Dezso, Gabor Olah, Bernadett Rozsa, Klara Fodor, Armin Buglyo, Janos Gardi, Andras Berta, Gabor Halmos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults, with a very high mortality rate due to frequent liver metastases. Consequently, the therapy of uveal melanoma remains a major clinical challenge and new treatment approaches are needed. For improving diagnosis and designing a rational and effective therapy, it is essential to elucidate molecular characteristics of this malignancy. The aim of this study therefore was to evaluate as a potential therapeutic target the expression of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) receptor in human uveal melanoma. The expression of LHRH ligand and LHRH receptor transcript forms was studied in 39 human uveal melanoma specimens by RT-PCR using gene specific primers. The binding charachteristics of receptors for LHRH on 10 samples were determined by ligand competition assays. The presence of LHRH receptor protein was further evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The expression of mRNA for type I LHRH receptor was detected in 18 of 39 (46%) of tissue specimens. mRNA for LHRH-I ligand could be detected in 27 of 39 (69%) of the samples. Seven of 10 samples investigated showed high affinity LHRH-I receptors. The specific presence of full length LHRH receptor protein was further confirmed by immunohistochemistry. A high percentage of uveal melanomas express mRNA and protein for type-I LHRH receptors. Our results support the merit of further investigation of LHRH receptors in human ophthalmological tumors. Since diverse analogs of LHRH are in clinical trials or are already used for the treatment of various cancers, these analogs could be considered for the LHRH receptor-based treatment of uveal melanoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1721-1728
Number of pages8
JournalOncotarget
Volume4
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) receptor
  • Uveal melanoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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