Substantial changes in epicardial fat thickness after weight loss in severely obese subjects

Gianluca Iacobellis, Navneet Singh, Sean Wharton, Arya M. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

145 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We sought to evaluate the effect of weight loss on echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness, as index of visceral adiposity, and whether epicardial fat change after the weight loss can be proportionally different from overall body weight changes and related to cardiac parameters changes in severely obese subjects. This was an interventional study in 20 severely obese subjects (12 women, 8 men, BMI 45 ± 5 kg/m2, 35 ± 10 years) who underwent 6-month very low calorie diet weight loss program. Baseline and after 6-month weight loss anthropometrics, echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness, left ventricular mass (LVM), and diastolic function parameters were assessed. Subjects lost 20% of original body weight, BMI reduced by 19% of original BMI, waist circumference decreased by 23% of initial waist circumference. Epicardial fat thickness decreased from 12.3 ± 1.8 to 8.3 ± 1 mm P < 0.001 after the 6-month very low calorie diet, as -32% of baseline epicardial fat thickness. LVM and diastolic function changes were better correlated with epicardial fat changes. We showed that significant weight loss can be associated with significant reduction in the epicardial fat thickness, marker of visceral adiposity in severely obese subjects. Epicardial fat decrease, therefore visceral fat decrease, can be proportionally higher than overall adiposity decrease. Epicardial fat changes are significantly associated with obesity-related cardiac morphological and functional changes during weight loss. Measurement of echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness may provide an additional tool in understanding the metabolic risk associated with variation in fat distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1693-1697
Number of pages5
JournalObesity
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Weight Loss
Fats
Adiposity
Caloric Restriction
Waist Circumference
Weight Reduction Programs
Body Weight Changes
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Obesity
Body Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Substantial changes in epicardial fat thickness after weight loss in severely obese subjects. / Iacobellis, Gianluca; Singh, Navneet; Wharton, Sean; Sharma, Arya M.

In: Obesity, Vol. 16, No. 7, 01.07.2008, p. 1693-1697.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iacobellis, Gianluca ; Singh, Navneet ; Wharton, Sean ; Sharma, Arya M. / Substantial changes in epicardial fat thickness after weight loss in severely obese subjects. In: Obesity. 2008 ; Vol. 16, No. 7. pp. 1693-1697.
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