Substance use and sexual behavior among recent Hispanic immigrant adolescents: Effects of parent-adolescent differential acculturation and communication

Seth J Schwartz, Jennifer B. Unger, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Shi Huang, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Elma I. Lorenzo-Blanco, Juan A. Villamar, Daniel W. Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Jose Szapocznik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To ascertain the effects of parent-adolescent acculturation gaps, perceived discrimination, and perceived negative context of reception on adolescent cigarette smoking, alcohol use, sexual activity, and sexual risk taking. We used an expanded, multidimensional model of acculturation. Method: A sample of 302 recently immigrated parent-adolescent dyads (152 from Miami and 150 from Los Angeles) completed measures of acculturation (Hispanic and American practices and identifications, and individualist and collectivist values) and parent-adolescent communication. Adolescents completed measures of recent cigarette smoking, alcohol use, sexual behavior, and sexual risk taking. Results: Parent-adolescent gaps in American practices and ethnic identity, and perceptions of a negative context of reception, predicted compromised parent-adolescent communication. In Miami only, adolescent-reported communication negatively predicted odds of cigarette smoking, occasions of drunkenness, and number of sexual partners. Also in Miami only, parent-reported communication positively predicted these outcomes, as well as occasions of adolescent binge drinking, drunkenness, number of sexual partners, and odds of unprotected sex. The only significant findings in Los Angeles were protective effects of parent-reported communication on frequency of alcohol use and of binge drinking. Mediational effects emerged only in the Miami sample. Conclusions: Effects of parent-adolescent acculturation gaps vary across Hispanic groups and receiving contexts. The especially strong parental control in many Mexican families may account for these differences. However, other important differences between Hispanic subgroups and communities of reception could also account for these differences. Prevention efforts might encourage Hispanic youth both to retain their culture of origin and to acquire American culture.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume125
Issue numberSUPPL.1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Fingerprint

Acculturation
Hispanic Americans
Sexual Behavior
Communication
Tobacco Products
Alcohols
Binge Drinking
Alcoholic Intoxication
Los Angeles
Sexual Partners
Smoking
Risk-Taking
Unsafe Sex

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Alcohol use
  • Discrimination
  • Hispanic
  • Recent immigrants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Substance use and sexual behavior among recent Hispanic immigrant adolescents : Effects of parent-adolescent differential acculturation and communication. / Schwartz, Seth J; Unger, Jennifer B.; Rosiers, Sabrina E Des; Huang, Shi; Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes; Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I.; Villamar, Juan A.; Soto, Daniel W.; Pattarroyo, Monica; Szapocznik, Jose.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 125, No. SUPPL.1, 01.09.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schwartz, Seth J ; Unger, Jennifer B. ; Rosiers, Sabrina E Des ; Huang, Shi ; Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes ; Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I. ; Villamar, Juan A. ; Soto, Daniel W. ; Pattarroyo, Monica ; Szapocznik, Jose. / Substance use and sexual behavior among recent Hispanic immigrant adolescents : Effects of parent-adolescent differential acculturation and communication. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2012 ; Vol. 125, No. SUPPL.1.
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AU - Huang, Shi

AU - Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes

AU - Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I.

AU - Villamar, Juan A.

AU - Soto, Daniel W.

AU - Pattarroyo, Monica

AU - Szapocznik, Jose

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KW - Discrimination

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KW - Recent immigrants

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