Substance Use and Intimate Partner Violence Victimization Among White, African American, and Latina Women

Kathryn M. Nowotny, Jennifer L. Graves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The existing literature on intimate partner violence (IPV) does not paint a consistent portrait of the impact of race/ethnicity. In addition, although research has clearly demonstrated that there is a relationship between substance use and IPV, the temporal ordering of these variables is not clearly established. This article seeks to examine the temporal ordering of IPV victimization and drug use using longitudinal data with a nationally representative racially and ethnically diverse sample. Data from Wave III (2001-2002) and Wave IV (2007-2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) will serve as Time 1 and Time 2, respectively, to answer three research questions. First, does substance use during early young adulthood (Time 1) predict IPV victimization during young adulthood (Time 2) among women? Second, does IPV victimization during early young adulthood predict substance use during young adulthood for women? Finally, do these bidirectional relationships vary by race/ethnicity (i.e., White, African American, and Latina)? Four different forms of IPV (minor violence, major violence, rape/sexual coercion, and injury) are investigated along with binge drinking, marijuana use, and other drug use. Understanding not only the temporal relationship between substance use, trauma, and IPV but also the racial and ethnic differences in these relationships is critical to developing and refining culturally sensitive trauma-informed prevention and treatment services for women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3301-3318
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number17
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • alcohol and drugs
  • battered women
  • domestic violence
  • predicting domestic violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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