Structural basis for binding multiple ligands by the common cytokine receptor γ-chain

Ferenc Olosz, Thomas R. Malek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The common γ-chain (γc) that functions both in ligand binding and signal transduction is a shared subunit of the multichain receptors for interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15, and IL-21. The structural basis by which the ectodomain of γc contributes to binding six distinct cytokines is only partially defined. In the present study, epitope mapping of antagonistic anti-γc monoclonal antibodies led to the identification of Asn-128 of mouse γc that represents another potential contact residue that is required for binding IL-2, IL-7, and IL-15 but not IL-4. In addition, Tyr-103, Cys-161, Cys-210, and Cys-211, previously identified to contribute to binding IL-2 and IL-7, were also found to be involved in binding IL-4 and IL-15. Collectively, these data favor a model in which γc utilizes a common mechanism for its interactions with multiple cytokines, and the binding sites are largely overlapping but not identical. Asn-128 and Tyr-103 likely act as contact residues whereas Cys-161, Cys-210, and Gly211 may stabilize the structure of the proposed ligand-interacting surface formed by the two extracytoplasmic domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12047-12052
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 5 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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