Structural and functional mitochondrial abnormalities associated with high levels of partially deleted mitochondrial DNAs in somatic cell hybrids

Sara Sancho, Carlos T Moraes, Kurenai Tanji, Armand F. Miranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a progressive and ultimately fatal human encephalomyopathy that is associated with large-scale deletions of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). To gain new insights into the developmental pathobiology of this disease, we studied the maintenance and expression of deleted mtDNAs (Δ-mtDNAs) in somatic cell hybrids generated by fusion of HeLacot cells with a KSS fibroblast clone containing both wild-type and Δ-mtDNAs. We observed that Δ-mtDNAs were preferentially maintained over the KSS wild-type mtDNAs (wt-mtDNAs) in almost all isolated hybrid clones. Mitochondrial metabolism was not compromised in hybrids containing as much as 70-79% Δ-mtDNAs. Two clones containing more than 99% Δ-mtDNA were severely deficient in oxidative phosphorylation and exhibited abnormal, enlarged mitochondria. These clones had undetectable levels of mtDNA-encoded polypeptides, but contained normal amounts of a nuclear DNA-encoded mitochondrial protein. The data suggest a nonrandom pattern of mtDNA segregation in the triplasmic hybrids and a correlation among Δ-mtDNA, structural mitochondrial abnormalities, and mitochondrial dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-442
Number of pages12
JournalSomatic Cell and Molecular Genetics
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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