Strongyloidiasis: The protean parasitic infection

Jeffrey H. Schneider, Arvey I. Rogers

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

To turn well-known phrase regarding history, those who forget to diagnose strongyloidiasis will be condemned to rediscover it. The often protean manifestations of this disease cannot be emphasized enough. The parasite's unique life cycle enables it to live for decades in an unsuspecting host, presenting with symptomatic disease only occasionally. Making a definite diagnosis may be difficult and requires persistence. A good history should reveal whether a patient belongs to a high-risk group. The physician should strongly suspect the diagnosis when nonspecific when nonspecific cutaneous, pulmonary, and gastro-intestinal symptoms coexist. Unexplained enteric bacteremia or meningitis may be important clues to diagnosing disseminated disease, which carries a high morality rate. Therapy is available and advances are being made to make it more tolerable. Follow- up for eradication is laborious yet essential. In patients at high risk for disseminated disease, invasive procedures amy be warranted to prove eradication. Incomplete therapy puts the patient at further risk for significant complications in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-192
Number of pages16
JournalPostgraduate Medicine
Volume102
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 1997

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Schneider, J. H., & Rogers, A. I. (1997). Strongyloidiasis: The protean parasitic infection. Postgraduate Medicine, 102(3), 177-192.