Stroke in the immature brain: Review of pathophysiology and animal models of pediatric stroke

John Kuluz, Tingting Huang, Brant Watson, Susan Vannucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pediatric stroke research presents many challenges. Relatively low incidence, need for age stratification, diverse etiologies, delays in diagnosis, lack of an established age-based stroke severity scale and outcome measures are only some of the issues that have prevented the implementation of clinical trials in infants and children with stroke. Experimental animal models of pediatric stroke, therefore, are critical to understanding the pathophyslology and management of ischemic brain damage in the immature brain, and provide the necessary platform for future clinical trials. In this review we discuss the pertinent clinical aspects of pediatric stroke, the pathophysiology of stroke in the developing brain and the animal models established to study basic mechanisms as well as translational issues in pediatric.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-216
Number of pages18
JournalFuture Neurology
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Brain ischemia
  • Children
  • Focal cerebral ischemia
  • Pediatrics
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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