Strengthening with FRP bars of URM walls subject to out-of-plane loads

Nestore Galati, Gustavo Tumialan, Antonio Nanni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


This paper presents the results of an experimental program on the flexural behavior of un-reinforced masonry (URM) walls strengthened with near surface mounted (NSM) fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) bars. A total of 15 URM walls reinforced with NSM FRP bars were tested. The specimens were strengthened with different amounts of reinforcement to observe their improved performance and the mode of failure. The influence of the bar shape (i.e., circular vs. rectangular), FRP material, dimension of the groove and type of embedding material (i.e., epoxy or cementitious-based paste), were studied. Based on experimental evidence and on the data found in the literature, the paper provides criteria that can be used in the development of design guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-110
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Bars shape
  • Design
  • Epoxy- or cementitious-based paste
  • Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP)
  • Masonry
  • Near surface mounted (NSM) FRP bars
  • Out-of-Plane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)


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