Strengthening of short shear span reinforced concrete T joists with fiber-reinforced plasic composites

Francesco Micelli, Raghu H. Annaiah, Antonio Nanni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


In this work, the results of an experimental study conducted in a 1964-vintage building are presented. Twelve reinforced concrete (RC) T-joists strengthened with fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) composites were loaded until failure in a short shear span configuration. Different strengthening schemes, including different FRP materials and a new FRP anchorage system, were adopted in order to compare the performance of the different installations. Carbon FRP and aramid FRP sheets in an epoxy matrix were bonded to the RC joists using the wet layup technique. All of the joists were loaded close to one end support and showed similar cracking patterns at failure. The design calculations were based on experimental results. All of the unanchored FRP strengthened beams showed failure due to peeling, while the anchored FRP strengthened members showed failure due to anchor pullout at higher load values. It was found that an increase in the amount of FRP did not result in a proportional increase in the shear capacity, as expected by design equations, but all of the beams showed a considerable increase in stiffness. The experimental results are compared with the results expected by analytical models in order to discuss the structural behavior of FRP strengthened beams tested in a real building with a short shear span. It was found that theoretical calculations resulted in nonconservative results for the tested specimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-271
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Composites for Construction
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Composite materials
  • Fiber reinforced materials
  • Polymers
  • Reinforcement
  • Shear
  • T joists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics


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