Stratovolcano growth by co-eruptive intrusion: The 2008 eruption of Tungurahua Ecuador

J. Biggs, P. Mothes, M. Ruiz, Falk C Amelung, T. H. Dixon, S. Baker, S. H. Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Volcanic edifices are constructed by a combination of erupted material and internal growth. We use the L-band satellite ALOS to produce InSAR measurements at Tungurahua Volcano, Ecuador. We find a maximum of 17.5 cm of uplift on the upper western flank between December 2007 and March 2008, coincident with an eruption in February 2008. The deformation can be modeled using an ellipsoidal or sill-like source within the edifice. The models require an elongated aspect ratio with a length of 4-6 km. The intruded volume of 1.2 × 106 m3 is roughly equivalent to the bulk erupted volume of 1.5 × 106 m3 and together the values are roughly equal to the long-term magma flux. The question remains whether this uplift is permanent, thus contributing to the internal growth of the edifice, or temporary, in which case the magma will be released in a future eruption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL21302
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume37
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

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Ecuador
stratovolcano
intrusion
volcanic eruptions
magma
volcanic eruption
uplift
ALOS
ultrahigh frequencies
sill
volcanoes
aspect ratio
volcanology
volcano
material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Geophysics

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Stratovolcano growth by co-eruptive intrusion : The 2008 eruption of Tungurahua Ecuador. / Biggs, J.; Mothes, P.; Ruiz, M.; Amelung, Falk C; Dixon, T. H.; Baker, S.; Hong, S. H.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 37, No. 21, L21302, 2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Biggs, J. ; Mothes, P. ; Ruiz, M. ; Amelung, Falk C ; Dixon, T. H. ; Baker, S. ; Hong, S. H. / Stratovolcano growth by co-eruptive intrusion : The 2008 eruption of Tungurahua Ecuador. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2010 ; Vol. 37, No. 21.
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