Strategies to Improve HIV Testing in African Americans

Sonjia Kenya, Ikenna Okoro, Kiera Wallace, Olveen Carrasquillo, Guillermo Prado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Only 17% of Miami-Dade County residents are African American, yet this population accounts for 59% of the county's HIV-related mortality. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend annual testing for persons at increased risk for HIV, but 40% of African Americans have never been tested. OraQuick® (OraSure Technologies, Inc., Bethlehem, PA), the first US Food and Drug Administration-approved home-based HIV rapid test (HBHRT), has the potential to increase testing rates; however, there are concerns about HBHRT in vulnerable populations. We conducted focus groups in an underserved Miami neighborhood to obtain community input regarding HBHRT as a potential mechanism to increase HIV testing in African Americans. We queried HIV knowledge, attitudes toward research, and preferred intervention methods. Several HIV misconceptions were identified, and participants expressed support for HIV research and introducing HBHRT into the community by culturally appropriate individuals trained to provide support. We concluded that community health workers paired with HBHRT were a promising strategy to increase HIV testing in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-367
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Community health workers (CHW)
  • Focus groups
  • HIV
  • HIV rapid testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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