With the help of the generalized Huygens-Fresnel integral and the ABCD matrix approach a bistatic LIDAR system involving a rough target at a distant location in a turbulent atmosphere is modeled. The system operates by means of an optical beam which has arbitrary spectral composition, and states of coherence and polarization. The rough target is modeled as a combination of a Gaussian mirror and a thin phase screen which induces phase perturbations of the components of the electric field. The analytical form of the cross-spectral density matrix of the returned beam is determined, from which the effect of the rough target on the spectral density (intensity) and polarization of the returned wave is analyzed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)