STING-dependent cytosolic DNA sensing pathways

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

183 Scopus citations

Abstract

STING (STimulator of INterferon Genes) has recently been identified as being essential for controlling host defense countermeasures triggered by microbial cytosolic DNA and subsequently cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs). However, chronic STING activation may also be responsible for initiating certain inflammatory diseases manifested by self DNA. Recent studies have also revealed a key role for cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) in STING activation. Although a full understanding of the mechanisms of STING activation requires further studies, new insights into STING function afford the opportunity of designing novel compounds aimed at facilitating vaccine development or new therapies for the treatment of inflammatory disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-93
Number of pages6
JournalTrends in Immunology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cytosolic DNA
  • Inflammation
  • Interferon
  • STING

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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