We report here on a novel stromal cell line, AGM-S3 derived from the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region of a 10.5 days postcoitum (dpc) mouse embryo. The AGM-S3 cells promoted production of hematopoietic progenitors and day-12 spleen colony-forming cells from Lin-c-Kit+Sca-1+ murine primitive hematopoietic cells. They also supported for 6 weeks generation of human multipotential progenitors from cord blood CD34+CD38- primitive hematopoietic cells. Human long-term repopulating hematopoietic stem cells (LTR-HSC) with the potential to reconstitute hematopoiesis in NOD/SCID mice were maintained on AGM-S3 cells for at least 4 weeks. Flow cytometric analysis showed that CD13, vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1, and Sca-1 were expressed on AGM-S3 cells. Because stem cell factor, interleukin-6 (IL- 6), and oncostatin M, but not IL-3, IL-11, leukemia-inhibitory factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte-macrophage colony- stimulating factor, thrombopoietin, and Flk2 ligand were detected in reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of AGM-S3 cells, the cells seem to express species-cross reactive molecule(s) other than the cytokines examined and which act on primitive hematopoietic progenitor/stem cells. This cell line is expected to elucidate molecular mechanisms regulating early hematopoiesis and pave the way for developing strategies for expansion of human transplantable HSC.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Sep 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology