Stereotactic body radiation therapy for locally advanced and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer is effective and well tolerated

Michael D. Chuong, Gregory M. Springett, Jessica M. Freilich, Catherine K. Park, Jill M. Weber, Eric A. Mellon, Pamela J. Hodul, Mokenge P. Malafa, Kenneth L. Meredith, Sarah E. Hoffe, Ravi Shridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

240 Scopus citations

Abstract

We performed a retrospective review of our experience using stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for locally advanced (LAPC) and borderline resectable (BRPC) pancreatic cancer. We evaluated 73 patients (57 BRPC, 16 LAPC) who underwent induction chemotherapy and SBRT. Although there was no survival difference between the BRPC and LAPC patients, BRPC patients who underwent margin-negative resection had improved survival. We did not observe acute grade ≥3 toxicity, and late grade ≥3 toxicity was minimal. Purpose: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) provides high rates of local control (LC) and margin-negative (R0) resections for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC), respectively, with minimal toxicity. Methods and Materials: A single-institution retrospective review was performed for patients with nonmetastatic pancreatic cancer treated with induction chemotherapy followed by SBRT. SBRT was delivered over 5 consecutive fractions using a dose painting technique including 7-10 Gy/fraction to the region of vessel abutment or encasement and 5-6 Gy/fraction to the remainder of the tumor. Restaging scans were performed at 4 weeks, and resectable patients were considered for resection. The primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Seventy-three patients were evaluated, with a median follow-up time of 10.5 months. Median doses of 35 Gy and 25 Gy were delivered to the region of vessel involvement and the remainder of the tumor, respectively. Thirty-two BRPC patients (56.1%) underwent surgery, with 31 undergoing an R0 resection (96.9%). The median OS, 1-year OS, median PFS, and 1-year PFS for BRPC versus LAPC patients was 16.4 months versus 15 months, 72.2% versus 68.1%, 9.7 versus 9.8 months, and 42.8% versus 41%, respectively (all P >.10). BRPC patients who underwent R0 resection had improved median OS (19.3 vs 12.3 months; P=.03), 1-year OS (84.2% vs 58.3%; P=.03), and 1-year PFS (56.5% vs 25.0%; P<.0001), respectively, compared with all nonsurgical patients. The 1-year LC in nonsurgical patients was 81%. We did not observe acute grade ≥3 toxicity, and late grade ≥ 3 toxicity was minimal (5.3%). Conclusions: SBRT safely facilitates margin-negative resection in patients with BRPC pancreatic cancer while maintaining a high rate of LC in unresectable patients. These data support the expanded implementation of SBRT for pancreatic cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)516-522
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Stereotactic body radiation therapy for locally advanced and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer is effective and well tolerated'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this