Stage-based outcomes of 682 consecutive cases of twintwin transfusion syndrome treated with laser surgery: The USFetus experience

Ramen H. Chmait, Eftichia V. Kontopoulos, Lisa M. Korst, Arlyn Llanes, Ileana Petisco, Rubn A. Quintero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Scopus citations


Objective: We sought to describe stage-specific perinatal outcomes after selective laser photocoagulation of communicating vessels (SLPCV) for twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Study design: Patients with twin-twin transfusion syndrome underwent SLPCV preferentially using sequential vs standard laser technique. Patient characteristics and outcome data were examined by Quintero stage. Results: Of 682 consecutive women studied, the Quintero stage distribution was: 114 stage I (17%), 177 stage II (26%), 328 stage III (48%), and 63 stage IV (9%). Perinatal survival of at least 1 twin did not differ according to stage (I-92%, II-93%, III-88%, IV-92%; P = .30). However, dual twin survival differed by stage (I-79%, II-76%, III-59%, IV-68%; P < .01), primarily because stage III pregnancies were associated with decreased donor twin survival (P < .01). Sequential SLPCV was associated with improved donor survival, independent of stage (odds ratio, 1.67; 95% confidence interval, 1.162.40; P < .01). Conclusion: Stage-specific perinatal outcomes after laser therapy may assist physicians in patient counseling and in planning future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393.e1-393.e6
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2011



  • Quintero stage
  • sequential laser surgery
  • twin-twin transfusion syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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