Thiamin pyrophosphate, CoASH, and NAD+ have been shown to reversibly bind to the purified bovine liver mitochondrial branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex. When saturated with thiamin pyrophosphate, the complex was more stable to heat and chymotrypsin inactivation. Under identical saturating conditions a conformational change in the complex was observed by circular dichroism spectroscopy. We postulate that thiamin pyrophosphate can increase the biological half-life of the in vivo, membrane-bound complex through conformational changes induced by the binding of this cofactor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology