Spontaneous pneumomediastinum; A report of 25 cases

I. Abolnik, Izidore Lossos, R. Breuer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is a relatively uncommon, infrequently reported entity. To determine the clinical presentation and sequelae of SPM, data were obtained from 25 patients: 14 from Hadassah University Hospital, and 11 from other medical institutions. The mean age was 18.8±5.2 years (±SD), with a range of 8 to 31 years. The most common presenting complaint was retrosternal pain in 22 patients (88 percent), dyspnea in 15 (60 percent), dysphagia in 10 (40 percent), and weakness in 10 (40 percent). Predisposing factors for the development of SPM could be identified in 18 patients (72 percent). Information on the sequelae of SPM during a mean period of 87.4±38.0 months following the initial SPM episode was obtained from 23 patients. Recurrent SPM occurred in 1 patient at 18 months, and another patient experienced 4 episodes of recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax. No other long-term sequelae were reported. We conclude that SPM is a benign self-limited disease with diverse clinical manifestations. Although uncommon, recurrences of SPM may be observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-95
Number of pages3
JournalChest
Volume100
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Mediastinal Emphysema
Pneumothorax
Deglutition Disorders
Causality
Dyspnea
Recurrence
Pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Abolnik, I., Lossos, I., & Breuer, R. (1991). Spontaneous pneumomediastinum; A report of 25 cases. Chest, 100(1), 93-95.

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum; A report of 25 cases. / Abolnik, I.; Lossos, Izidore; Breuer, R.

In: Chest, Vol. 100, No. 1, 01.01.1991, p. 93-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abolnik, I, Lossos, I & Breuer, R 1991, 'Spontaneous pneumomediastinum; A report of 25 cases', Chest, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 93-95.
Abolnik I, Lossos I, Breuer R. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum; A report of 25 cases. Chest. 1991 Jan 1;100(1):93-95.
Abolnik, I. ; Lossos, Izidore ; Breuer, R. / Spontaneous pneumomediastinum; A report of 25 cases. In: Chest. 1991 ; Vol. 100, No. 1. pp. 93-95.
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