A spontaneous pattern was found on the corroded surface of 1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel which was subjected to a crude oil containing naphthenic acid at temperature about 330 °C. The high regularity, the periodicity, and SO 2 symmetry of the pattern imply that a spontaneous dissipative structure arose in this corrosion system. It was also found that the distribution of chemical elements on the corroded surface was in accordance with the morphologic pattern. A new theory, which is based on the linear perturbation method and in which the shift of boundary is considered, is proposed to characterize the formation of the large-scale spontaneous pattern, reveal the mechanism, and explain this phenomenon in the corrosion system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)