Spondylolisthesis: A historical perspective on etiology, diagnosis, and treatment

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Before radiography was invented, spondylolisthesis was commonly mistaken for other prevalent diseases occurring at that time such as Pott’s disease. Since then, our knowledge of the condition has tremendously improved and that has helped with the search for its etiology, diagnosis, and treatment. The treatment of spondylolisthesis used to consist solely of nonoperative management with various types and combinations of casting and bedrest. However, since the introduction of surgical fusion techniques, there are various ways to treat patients who have failed conservative treatment. The general principles usually involve posterior, anterior, or combined fusion with or without instrumentation, and decompression if neurologic deficits are encountered. Reduction can be obtained with instrumentation, but complications are high. Although these concepts can be approached through multiple surgical approaches, the trend has been to combine them into a one-stage approach to minimize morbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpondylolisthesis: Diagnosis, Non-Surgical Management, and Surgical Techniques
PublisherSpringer US
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781489975751, 9781489975744
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Diagnosis
  • Etiology
  • History
  • Isthmic
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spondylolysis
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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