Splicing defect in FKBP10 gene causes autosomal recessive osteogenesis imperfecta disease: A case report

Fatemeh Maghami, Seyed Mohammad Bagher Tabei, Hossein Moravej, Hassan Dastsooz, Farzaneh Modarresi, Mohammad Silawi, Mohammad Ali Faghihi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of connective tissue disorder caused by mutations of genes involved in the production of collagen and its supporting proteins. Although the majority of reported OI variants are in COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes, recent reports have shown problems in other non-collagenous genes involved in the post translational modifications, folding and transport, transcription and proliferation of osteoblasts, bone mineralization, and cell signaling. Up to now, 17 types of OI have been reported in which types I to IV are the most frequent cases with autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Case Presentation: Here we report an 8- year- old boy with OI who has had multiple fractures since birth and now he is wheelchair-dependent. To identify genetic cause of OI in our patient, whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out and it revealed a novel deleterious homozygote splice acceptor site mutation (c.1257-2A > G, IVS7-2A > G) in FKBP10 gene in the patient. Then, the identified mutation was confirmed using Sanger sequencing in the proband as homozygous and in his parents as heterozygous, indicating its autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. In addition, we performed RT-PCR on RNA transcripts originated from skin fibroblast of the proband to analyze the functional effect of the mutation on splicing pattern of FKBP10 gene and it showed skipping of the exon 8 of this gene. Moreover, Real-Time PCR was carried out to quantify the expression level of FKBP10 in the proband and his family members in which it revealed nearly the full decrease in the level of FKBP10 expression in the proband and around 75% decrease in its level in the carriers of the mutation, strongly suggesting the pathogenicity of the mutation. Conclusions: Our study identified, for the first time, a private pathogenic splice site mutation in FKBP10 gene and further prove the involvement of this gene in the rare cases of autosomal recessive OI type XI with distinguished clinical manifestations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number86
JournalBMC medical genetics
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2018

Keywords

  • Case report
  • FKBP10
  • Novel splice mutation
  • Osteogenesis imperfect (OI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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