Spirituality/religiosity, substance use, and HIV testing among young black men who have sex with men

Adam Carrico, Erik David Storholm, Annesa Flentje, Emily A. Arnold, Lance M. Pollack, Torsten B. Neilands, Gregory M. Rebchook, John L. Peterson, Agatha Eke, Wayne Johnson, Susan M. Kegeles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Spirituality and religiosity may serve as both a resource and a barrier to HIV prevention with young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). We examined indices of spirituality/religiosity as correlates of binge drinking, stimulant use, and recent HIV testing in a sample of YBMSM. Methods From 2011–2013, annual venue-based surveys of sexually active YBMSM ages 18–29 were conducted in Dallas and Houston, Texas. Binge drinking and stimulant use were assessed in the past two months. Participants recently tested for HIV (i.e., within the past six months) were compared to those without recent HIV testing (i.e., never tested or tested more than six months ago). Results Among the 1565 HIV-negative or HIV-unknown YBMSM enrolled, more engagement in spiritual and religious activities was associated with greater odds of reporting stimulant use (Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR] = 1.20; 95% CI = 1.04–1.40) while higher spiritual coping was associated with lower odds of reporting stimulant use (AOR = 0.66; 95% CI = 0.56–0.78). Binge drinking was independently associated with 29% lower odds of recent HIV testing (AOR = 0.71; 95% CI = 0.55–0.92), but lower odds of binge drinking did not mediate the association of engagement in spiritual and religious activities with 27% greater odds of recent HIV testing (AOR = 1.27; 95% CI = 1.11–1.46). Conclusions Among YBMSM, culturally tailored approaches addressing spirituality/religiosity could support prevention of stimulant use and increase HIV testing. In particular, expanded efforts are needed to promote HIV testing in binge drinkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-112
Number of pages7
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume174
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • HIV testing
  • Religiosity
  • Spirituality
  • Stimulants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Carrico, A., Storholm, E. D., Flentje, A., Arnold, E. A., Pollack, L. M., Neilands, T. B., Rebchook, G. M., Peterson, J. L., Eke, A., Johnson, W., & Kegeles, S. M. (2017). Spirituality/religiosity, substance use, and HIV testing among young black men who have sex with men. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 174, 106-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.024