Spiritual well-being, religious activity, and the metabolic syndrome: results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study

Carrie E. Brintz, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, Maria Llabre, Sheila F. Castañeda, Martha L. Daviglus, Linda C. Gallo, Aida L. Giachello, Ryung S. Kim, Lenny Lopez, Yanping Teng, Frank J. Penedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sociocultural risk and protective factors for developing the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), have not been well studied in Hispanics/Latinos residing in the United States (U.S.). Religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S), important aspects of Hispanic/Latino culture, have been inversely associated with CVD and multiple CVD risk factors. Cross-sectional associations between dimensions of R/S and prevalent MetS, and its five individual components were examined using multiple logistic and linear regression, among 3278 U.S., middle-aged and older Hispanic/Latino adults from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Dimensions of R/S were not associated with presence of the MetS. Certain dimensions of Spiritual Well-being (Meaning, Peace, Faith), and frequency of non-organizational religious activity were weakly but significantly associated with one or more MetS components including waist circumference, diastolic blood pressure, and systolic blood pressure. R/S variables were not associated with triglycerides, fasting glucose or HDL cholesterol levels. Prospective, longitudinal studies are needed to gain a deeper understanding of the nature of the relationship between R/S and health risk factors in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 15 2017

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Spirituality
Health
Blood Pressure
Cardiovascular Diseases
Waist Circumference
HDL Cholesterol
Longitudinal Studies
Linear Models
Fasting
Triglycerides
Logistic Models
Prospective Studies
Glucose

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Hispanic/Latino
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Religiosity
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Spiritual well-being, religious activity, and the metabolic syndrome : results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. / Brintz, Carrie E.; Birnbaum-Weitzman, Orit; Llabre, Maria; Castañeda, Sheila F.; Daviglus, Martha L.; Gallo, Linda C.; Giachello, Aida L.; Kim, Ryung S.; Lopez, Lenny; Teng, Yanping; Penedo, Frank J.

In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15.05.2017, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brintz, Carrie E. ; Birnbaum-Weitzman, Orit ; Llabre, Maria ; Castañeda, Sheila F. ; Daviglus, Martha L. ; Gallo, Linda C. ; Giachello, Aida L. ; Kim, Ryung S. ; Lopez, Lenny ; Teng, Yanping ; Penedo, Frank J. / Spiritual well-being, religious activity, and the metabolic syndrome : results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2017 ; pp. 1-11.
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