Spin−orbit-induced ising ferromagnetism at a van der Waals interface

Hideki Matsuoka, Stewart Edward Barnes, Jun'ichi Ieda, Sadamichi Maekawa, Mohammad Saeed Bahramy, Bruno Kenichi Saika, Yukiharu Takeda, Hiroki Wadati, Yue Wang, Satoshi Yoshida, Kyoko Ishizaka, Yoshihiro Iwasa, Masaki Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Magnetocrystalline anisotropy, a key ingredient for establishing long-range order in a magnetic material down to the two-dimensional (2D) limit, is generally associated with spin−orbit interaction (SOI) involving a finite orbital angular momentum. Here we report strong out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy without orbital angular momentum, emerging at the interface between two different van der Waals (vdW) materials, an archetypal metallic vdW material NbSe2 possessing Zeeman-type SOI and an isotropic vdW ferromagnet V5Se8. We found that the Zeeman SOI in NbSe2 induces robust out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy in V5Se8 down to the 2D limit with a more than 2-fold enhancement of the transition temperature. We propose a simple model that takes into account the energy gain in NbSe2 in contact with a ferromagnet, which naturally explains our observations. Our results demonstrate a conceptually new magnetic proximity effect at the vdW interface, expanding the horizons of emergent phenomena achievable in vdW heterostructures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1807-1814
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 24 2021


  • 2D magnet
  • Magnetic anisotropy
  • Proximity effect
  • Spin−orbit interaction
  • Van der Waals heterostructures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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