Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis is a rare hamartomatosis involving the craniofacial region and the central nervous system. The most prominent clinical features are large areas of scalp alopecia, soft subcutaneous craniofacial masses, lipomas, connective tissue nevi of the eyelids and surrounding areas, pterygium-like choriostoma of the ocular conjunctiva, mental retardation, motor deficit, and seizures. Of the eight patients reported previously, three had spinal cord evaluations and two had evidence of lipomatosis. We report the third patient with this association, review the literature of encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis, and stress the importance of spinal cord evaluation during the newborn period.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology