Speech perception results in children with cochlear implants: Contributing factors

A. V. Hodges, M. D. Ash, T. J. Balkany, J. J. Schloffman, S. L. Butts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Speech perception test results were obtained from a group of 40 pediatric cochlear implant users. Half of the children participated in oral- only habilitation programs, which included both traditional oral and auditory-verbal approaches, and half participated in programs that used a combination of oral and manual communication referred to as total communication (TC). Analysis of the scores showed that children enrolled in oral-only habilitation programs scored significantly higher on the speech perception measures than did children who were enrolled in total communication-based programs. These results were inconsistent with those of other reports, which suggested that communication methods had little effect on implant outcomes. To further examine the reasons for the differences in performance, we analyzed 7 additional factors, including length of implant use, age at surgery, device type, socioeconomic status, bilingualism, school setting, and participation in private therapy, which may affect implant performance. Multiple-regression analysis again showed communication mode to be the factor most highly correlated with speech perception abilities among this group of children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-34
Number of pages4
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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Speech Perception
Cochlear Implants
Communication
Manual Communication
Rehabilitation
Multilingualism
Aptitude
Social Class
Regression Analysis
Pediatrics
Equipment and Supplies
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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Speech perception results in children with cochlear implants : Contributing factors. / Hodges, A. V.; Ash, M. D.; Balkany, T. J.; Schloffman, J. J.; Butts, S. L.

In: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Vol. 121, No. 1, 01.01.1999, p. 31-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hodges, A. V. ; Ash, M. D. ; Balkany, T. J. ; Schloffman, J. J. ; Butts, S. L. / Speech perception results in children with cochlear implants : Contributing factors. In: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 1999 ; Vol. 121, No. 1. pp. 31-34.
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