Purpose To measure drusen area and volume in eyes with nonexudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using spectral domain optical coherence tomography imaging (SD-OCT). Design Evaluation of diagnostic technology. Participants One hundred three eyes from 74 patients with drusen. Methods Patients with drusen secondary to nonexudative AMD were enrolled in this study. Five separate SD-OCT scans, each consisting of 40 000 uniformly spaced A-scans organized as 200 A-scans in each B-scan and 200 horizontal B-scans, were performed on each eye. Each scan covered a retinal area of 6×6 mm centered on the fovea. A novel algorithm was used to quantitatively assess drusen area and volume. Measurements from the entire scans, as well as in regions contained within 3- and 5-mm circles centered on the fovea, were analyzed. Testretest standard deviations of drusen area and volume measurements were calculated for each eye. Main Outcome Measures Drusen area and volume. Results The algorithm created drusen maps that permitted both qualitative and quantitative assessment of drusen area and volume. Both the qualitative appearance and the quantitative measurements of drusen area and volume were highly reproducible over the 5 different datasets. The intraclass correlation coefficient was >0.99 for both area and volume measurements on the entire dataset as well as the 3- and 5-mm circles. The correlation between lesion size and the testretest standard deviations can be eliminated by performing a square root transformation of the area measurements and a cube root transformation of the volume measurements. These transformed data allowed for the inclusion of all drusen sizes in the calculation of an estimated single pooled testretest standard deviation, which will be useful for longitudinal studies of drusen natural history. Conclusions A novel algorithm for the qualitative and quantitative assessment of drusen imaged using SD-OCT was shown to be highly reproducible. The ability to assess drusen volume reliably represents a new quantitative parameter to measure in AMD and may be useful when assessing disease progression, particularly in trials for treatments of nonexudative AMD. Financial Disclosure(s) Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.
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