A prototype 6-μm axial resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) device was used to image the retina of a patient with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus who had proliferative diabetic retinopathy with subhyaloid hemorrhage. A raster scan pattern with 128 B-scans covering a 6 X 6 X 2-mm volume of the retina was obtained. SD-OCT showed the presence of blood localized between the internal limiting membrane and the posterior hyaloid face and allowed visualization of the cross sectional retinal architecture and the vitreoretinal interface at different horizontal levels that could be registered with the color fundus photograph. SD-OCT provided useful information about the relationship of the hemorrhage to the posterior hyaloid and the retina.
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