Spatial distributions of Pacific herring, Clupea pallasi, and walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma, in Prince William Sound, Alaska

Kevin D.E. Stokesbury, Jay Kirsch, Evelyn D. Brown, Gary L. Thomas, Brenda L. Norcross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nursery areas of Pacific herring, Clupea pallasi, and walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma, were identified by using acoustic surveys in October 1995, and in March and July 1996 in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Pacific herring and walleye pollock were aggregated in the east-northeast and west-southwest areas. Juvenile Pacific herring spent the first two years of their lives isolated within bays. Water temperatures within bays were cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter compared with temperatures measured along coastal passages and the open coast. Although these temperature differences were small and based on point observations their accumulative effect over the season may be considerable. The school structure of juvenile Pacific herring varied seasonally. Newly recruited age-0 Pacific herring were tightly aggregated, forming a few, dense schools within a single-size cohort, in shallow water at the heads of bays in July. Age-0 Pacific herring were still aggregated within bays in shallow water in October, but the school structure was less cohesive and size cohorts began to mix. School structure and distribution completely changed in March as age-0 Pacific herring moved away from the shores into deeper water and spread out forming sparse shoals of mixed-size cohorts. Juvenile Pacific herring joined the adult schools after their second winter, leaving as new recruits entered the bays. Juvenile walleye pollock also aggregated within bays and were spatially segregated from adults. However, there appeared to be little overlap between Pacific herring and walleye pollock juveniles because they occupied different portions of the water column within these bays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-409
Number of pages10
JournalFishery Bulletin
Volume98
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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