Spatial and seasonal variability of dissolved organic matter in the Cariaco Basin

Laura Lorenzoni, Gordon T. Taylor, Claudia Benitez-Nelson, Dennis A. Hansell, Enrique Montes, Robert Masserini, Kent Fanning, Ramõn Varela, Yrene Astor, Laurencia Guzmán, Frank E. Muller-Karger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC), nitrogen (DON), and phosphorus (DOP) were measured monthly at the CARIACO Time Series station (10°30′N, 64°40′W) in the southeastern Caribbean Sea between 2005 and 2012. Marked seasonal variability in DOC concentrations was observed, with lower values (∼66 μM) in the upper water column (<75 m) during the upwelling season (December-April) due to the injection of cool, DOC-impoverished Subtropical Underwater from the Caribbean Sea. During the rainy season (May-November) waters were stratified and upper layer DOC concentrations increased to ∼71 μM. Interannual variability in surface (1 m) concentrations of DOC was also observed in response to the variable strength in upwelling and stratification that the Cariaco Basin experienced. DON and DOP showed no such seasonality. At depths >350 m, DOC concentrations were 56 ± 4.7 μM, roughly 10 μM higher than those in the Caribbean Sea over the same depth range. DON and DOP showed similar vertical profiles to that of DOC, with higher concentrations (6.8 ± 1.2 μM N and 0.15 ±0.09 μM P) in the upper water column and invariant, lower concentrations at depth (4.8 ± 1.6 μM N and 0.10 ± 0.08 μM P). Wind-driven advection of surface DOC out of the Cariaco Basin was estimated to support a net export ∼15 Gmol C yr-1 into the Caribbean Sea; this rate is comparable to the flux of settling particulate organic carbon to depths >275 m within the basin. Key Points We present a 7 year time-series on DOM in the Cariaco BasinWe highlight the importance of microbially-mediated DOM in anoxic watersThe horizontal export of DOC from the Basin varies interannually

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)951-962
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Volume118
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

Keywords

  • Cariaco Basin
  • anoxia
  • dissolved organic matter
  • tropical continental margin
  • upwelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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    Lorenzoni, L., Taylor, G. T., Benitez-Nelson, C., Hansell, D. A., Montes, E., Masserini, R., Fanning, K., Varela, R., Astor, Y., Guzmán, L., & Muller-Karger, F. E. (2013). Spatial and seasonal variability of dissolved organic matter in the Cariaco Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 118(2), 951-962. https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrg.20075