Space-time interpolation of oceanic fronts

Toshio Mike Chin, Arthur J. Mariano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Oceanic temperature fronts observed through composite infrared images from the AVHRR satellite data are fragmented due mostly to cloud occlusion. The sampling frequency of such frontal position observations tends to be insufficiently high to resolve dynamics of the meandering features associated with the frontal contour, so that contour reconstruction using a standard space-time smoothing often leads to introduction of spurious features. Augmenting space-time smoothing with a simple point-feature detection/matching scheme, however, can dramatically improve the reconstruction product. This paper presents such a motion-compensated interpolation algorithm, for reconstruction of open contours evolving in time given fragmented position data. The reconstruction task is formulated as an optimization problem, and a time-sequential solution which adaptively estimates feature motion is provided. The resulting algorithm reliably interpolates position measurements of the surface temperature fronts associated with the highly convoluted portions of strong ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream and Kuroshio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)734-746
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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