Southeastern U.S. rainfall prediction in the North American multi-model ensemble

Johnna M. Infanti, Ben P. Kirtman

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study investigates the predictive skill of the North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) system for intraseasonal-to-interannual (ISI) prediction with focus on southeastern U.S. precipitation. The southeastern United States is of particular interest because of the typically short-lived nature of above- and below-normal extended rainfall events allowing for focus on seasonal prediction, as well as the tendency for more predictability in the winter months. Included in this study is analysis of the forecast quality of the NMME system when predicting above- and below-normal rainfall and individual rainfall events, with particular emphasis on results from the 2007 dry period. Both deterministic and probabilistic measures of skill are utilized in order to gain a more complete understanding of how accurately the system predicts precipitation at both short and long lead times and to investigate the multimodel aspect of the system as compared to using an individual predictive model. The NMME system consistently shows low systematic error and relatively high skill in predicting precipitation, particularly in winter months as compared to individual model results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-550
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Hydrometeorology
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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