Sonographic predictors of postnatal bowel atresia in fetal gastroschisis

K. R. Goetzinger, M. G. Tuuli, R. E. Longman, K. M. Huster, A. O. Odibo, A. G. Cahill

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To estimate the association between antenatal bowel dilation and postnatal small-bowel atresia in fetal gastroschisis and to establish a threshold at which the risk of adverse neonatal outcome increases. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton gestations with an antenatal diagnosis of gastroschisis seen in our ultrasound unit from 2001 to 2010. We reviewed stored images from the last ultrasound examination before delivery, blinded to postnatal diagnoses and outcomes. Fetal intra- and extra-abdominal bowel dilation (IABD and EABD, respectively) and bowel-wall thickness were measured. Previously published definitions of bowel dilation, including > 6, > 10, > 14 and > 18 mm, were evaluated for association with the primary outcome of bowel atresia. The optimal threshold to define fetal bowel dilation was determined by evaluating the significance of association as well as test performance characteristics. Results Of 109 consecutive patients with fetal gastroschisis, there were four cases of intrauterine fetal demise and three neonatal deaths. Of the 94 live births with complete outcome data, 39 (41.5%) had measurable IABD. There were 14 (14.9%) cases of bowel atresia. Using a threshold of > 14 mm, IABD was significantly associated with an increased risk for bowel atresia (relative risk, 3.1 (95% CI, 1.2-8.2)) with a sensitivity of 57.1%, specificity of 75.0%, positive predictive value of 28.6% and negative predictive value of 90.9%. IABD > 14 mm was also associated with a significantly longer stay in neonatal intensive care unit. There was no significant association between EABD and bowel atresia at any of the thresholds evaluated. Conclusion IABD > 14 mm is associated with an increased risk for postnatal bowel atresia in fetal gastroschisis. This finding may be useful in counseling patients regarding the anticipated postnatal course for their neonate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-425
Number of pages6
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • abdominal wall defect
  • bowel atresia
  • bowel dilation
  • bowel-wall thickening
  • gastroschisis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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