Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a unique form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, mainly met in severely immunocompromised, HIV-positive patients. PEL is aetiologically related to human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) and it usually presents as a lymphomatous body cavity effusion in the absence of a solid tumour mass. Recently, cases of HIV-positive patients with HHV-8-positive solid tissue lymphomas, not associated with an effusion, have been reported (solid variant of PEL). The prognosis of PEL is reported to be poor. We report a case of an HIV-positive patient with a typical solid variant of PEL without effusion. Interestingly, his disease developed while being on stable antiretroviral therapy (ART) with high CD4 counts. He had a relatively long survival with chemotherapy and ART.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Primary effusion lymphoma
- Solid variant of primary effusion lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Microbiology (medical)