Socioenvironmental impacts of Panama's trans-isthmian oil pipeline

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The Trans-Panama Oil Pipeline is an illustrative case study of environmental mismanagement. The project was approved and completed in 1981-1982 before submission of an environmental impact assessment. The environmental studies are seriously flawed by a number of omissions. Baseline studies of petroleum hydrocarbons in the marine ecosystems were not performed. Serious attention was not given to the possibility of a land spill or degradation of terrestrial ecosystems. The socioeconomic considerations of locating the pipeline and adjacent road through the watershed of a major hydroelectric project, as well as through the homelands of the Guaymí Indians, were ignored. As national planners guide the development of Panama's infrastructure, they can ill-afford to continue to ignore social, economic, and environmental considerations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-246
Number of pages20
JournalEnvironmental Impact Assessment Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Ecology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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